The working principle and use of sanitation truck

CIMC-Sanitation-truck2

With the development of society, garbage in life is a big problem. In addition to our own care for the environment, sanitation truck are also indispensable.

First, the classification of sanitation vehicles

Sanitation vehicles include swing-arm garbage trucks, hanging garbage trucks, hook-arm garbage trucks, side-mounted compressed garbage trucks, compressed garbage trucks, sealed garbage trucks, trailer-mounted garbage trucks, docking garbage trucks, and kitchen garbage. Cars and other series of sanitation garbage trucks.

Second, the working principle of the sanitation car

The principle of the sanitation garbage truck is that when the packing bucket of the sanitation garbage truck is filled with garbage, the scraper is turned over, the skateboard drives the scraper to move down together, punctures into the garbage for cracking and initial compression, and the scraper is reversed forward, further Compact the garbage. After the scraper is in place, move it with the skateboard, compact the trash and fill it in the trash, and then return to the starting position. The whole task process is actively controlled. When the garbage is continuously pressed, the shovel is forced to retreat under the effect of the pressing force, and the two-way compression of the garbage is completed and the entire garbage bin is filled on average. When the sanitation garbage truck unloads the garbage in the processing (or landfill) field, the filler is lifted, the shovel is moved backwards, and the garbage in the garbage bin is pushed out along the degree.

1. Principle of swing arm garbage truck

It consists of a chassis, a garbage can (bucket), a swing arm deceleration buffer cylinder, etc., which is characterized in that the garbage can can be separated from the vehicle body to realize the combined use of one car and a plurality of garbage bins. Hanging bucket type self-loading and unloading garbage truck: The chain and the hydraulic cylinder linkage device are used to realize the semi-lifting and turning of the garbage, and the garbage in the multiple garbage buckets is automatically collected into the compartment and can be self-unloaded.

2. Hanging barrel garbage truck principle

The work of the special mechanism of the vehicle is hydraulically driven. The hydraulic system consists of a fuel tank, an oil pump, a multi-way valve, a hydraulic cylinder, an oil filter, and a pipeline. The power take-off takes power from the car engine and drives the oil pump to rotate. Manipulating the multi-way valve can separately control the lifting cylinder to complete the automatic loading work and control the lifting cylinder to complete the unloading work. The maximum operation of the hydraulic system is 16 MPa, which is defined by the safety valve on the multi-way valve. The pressure value of the safety valve has been set at the factory, so do not adjust it at will.

3. Hook arm garbage truck principle

The hook-arm garbage truck is equipped with a series of tilting mechanisms of the garbage compartment hook arm on the basis of the cargo vehicle chassis. The hook-arm garbage truck adopts high-tech design to set the hook arm, and one car can carry multiple large compartments. It is convenient to load and unload, realize the secondary lifting of the carriage and make the mechanism the most labor-saving. It has simple structure, stable and convenient operation, high efficiency loading and unloading, saving Manpower and other advantages. Hook-arm garbage trucks can be equipped with several garbage transfer boxes. The transfer box can be used as a simple, beautiful and environmentally-friendly garbage transfer station to maximize the efficiency of the vehicle.

4. Side-mounted compression garbage truck principle

The side-mounted compression garbage truck automatically pours the garbage into the garbage bin through the tie rod, and pushes the garbage to the rear of the car to achieve the purpose of compressing the garbage. The compression principle is to use the machine, electric and hydraulic linkage control system, computer control and manual operating system. The garbage is poured, crushed or crushed by a device such as a filler and a shovel, and the garbage is squeezed into the compartment and compacted and pushed. Its characteristics are: large compression ratio and high loading capacity: the maximum crushing pressure is 12 tons, and the loading is equivalent to two and a half times the same tons of non-compressed garbage.

5. The principle of compressed garbage truck

The machine, electric and hydraulic linkage control system, computer control and manual operating system are used to realize the dumping, crushing or crushing of the garbage through the device such as the filler and the shovel, and the garbage is squeezed into the compartment and compacted and shoved. The compressed garbage truck has the functions of automatic repeated compression and peristaltic compression, high compression ratio, good sealing performance, large load capacity, convenient operation, good environmental protection, high power utilization of the whole vehicle, reliable performance, durability, and worry-free on the brand. Brand chassis, numerous styles, reliable quality, nationwide warranty! The compressed garbage truck can be equipped with a rear bucket turning mechanism or a garbage bucket turning mechanism. The operation is automated, and the garbage collection method is simple and efficient.

6. Sealed dump truck garbage truck principle

The sealed dump truck has the function of sealing and self-unloading, hydraulic operation and convenient dumping; it is widely used in residential areas such as sanitation, municipal, factories and mines, property communities and other garbage, and can also transport ash, sand, stone and earth. In bulk materials, it is also possible to send ore or coal in mines or coal construction.

7. The principle of the carriage removable garbage truck

Through the control of the hydraulic system, the hook arm installed on the back seat of the garbage truck can be put down, the connection point at the front end of the garbage can in the station can be hung, and the garbage can can be pulled to the rear seat of the vehicle body, and the vehicle can be started at this time. The garbage is transported to the garbage disposal station for dumping.

8. The principle of docking garbage truck

The car operating system is completed by a hydraulic control system, and the control mode can be manual or electric control. After the compressed garbage station compresses the garbage into pieces, the garbage box body is vertically lifted up, and the compression box drain door is opened. At this time, the back door of the garbage truck box is rotated upward, and the back door of the garbage truck is docked with the back door of the compression box, and then the garbage block is compressed. The push plate in the box is pushed horizontally into the garbage truck body. After the garbage is loaded, the back door of the garbage truck is closed, and the garbage is transported to the garbage disposal site for dumping.

9. The principle of kitchen garbage truck

The mechanism structure of the kitchen garbage truck is that a kitchen garbage truck is installed with a liquid tank on the chassis of the automobile, and the liquid tank body adopts a cylindrical closed mechanism. The rear end has a cover, and the rear cover is opened and closed by the hydraulic cylinders on the left and right sides. After the back cover is closed, a back cover locking device is installed to prevent looseness and maintain the sealing effect. The top of the liquid tank has a top cover of the feeding port through which the garbage is poured into the tank. Because there is a curved guide rail, the trash can is poured into the tank, and then the hole trash can is lowered and put back. There are also ladders and observation holes on the side of the tank.

Third, sanitation vehicle use

1. Swing arm type garbage truck use

The swing arm type garbage truck is divided into two types: the ground type and the pit type. The swing arm garbage bucket has two types of square and boat type. The vehicle is equipped with one or more garbage buckets, and the garbage bucket is placed or placed by two swing arms. The utility model is mainly used for collecting and transferring urban garbage, has the characteristics of simple structure, flexible operation, reliable performance and high transshipment efficiency.

2. Hanging bucket garbage truck use

Hanging bucket garbage trucks, also known as self-loading garbage trucks, can be used in conjunction with national standard iron or plastic trash cans. This type of garbage truck is usually used in conjunction with a trash can on the side of the street. Its biggest feature is that it can automatically grab, lift, dump, and put down the trash can. The entire operation driver is completely completed in the cab, which is highly efficient and is usually used for collecting garbage in the trash can on both sides of the street. The hanging garbage truck consists of a chassis, a car body assembly, an automatic lifting loading device, a hydraulic system, and a working system.

3. Hook arm garbage truck use

The hook-arm garbage truck, also known as the pull-arm garbage truck and the trailer-removable garbage truck, is currently a more popular garbage model. Equipped with one or more garbage buckets, the hydraulic cylinder drives the pulling arm to pull up or down the garbage bucket, which is suitable for use in the city’s garbage transfer station, community, school, etc., convenient and fast. Its trash can and garbage truck can be separated separately for easy garbage collection. After the garbage bin is full, the garbage bin will be picked up by the garbage truck and transported to the garbage collection station. Then the garbage container will be transported back to the collection point, and the garbage strip will be removed to continue the garbage collection work.

4. Side-mounted compression garbage truck use

The trash can adapts to different specifications and automatically feeds to the roof door of the compartment, automatically drives the opening and closing; the rear door automatically rotates to drive the opening and closing; the pusher in the compartment can squeeze the garbage to increase the garbage load; the carriages are lifted in parallel, It is docked with various types of compression vehicles, and the garbage in the compartment is pushed into the compression mechanism of the compression vehicle for compression, thereby avoiding secondary pollution during the transportation process.

5. Compressed garbage truck use

Compressed garbage trucks are divided into two types: side-mounted and rear-loaded. The garbage compression capacity is strong and the efficiency is high. The main features are simple and efficient garbage collection method, automatic repeated compression and peristaltic compression function, high compression ratio, high loading quality, automatic operation, good power and environmental protection, high utilization efficiency of the whole vehicle and good sealing performance. The compressed garbage truck is composed of a chassis, a sealed garbage compartment, a hydraulic system, and a system. The whole vehicle is fully sealed, and the sewage in the process of self-compression, self-dumping and compression is all entered into the sewage compartment.

6. Sealed garbage truck use

It is divided into three types: sealed cover type, front slide type and hydraulic flip type. The sealed garbage truck is mainly composed of a car chassis, a box body, a door opening mechanism, a lifting mechanism, an electro-hydraulic control system, etc., and is a new type of fully-sealed structure garbage transportation vehicle integrating machine, electricity and liquid. It can be used not only with garbage transfer stations, but also for garbage transportation in urban residential areas, industrial areas, commercial areas, schools, parks, scenic spots and other places. The sealed garbage truck is composed of a car chassis, a box body, a door opening mechanism, a lifting mechanism, and an electro-hydraulic control system.

7. The car can be used for garbage trucks

Widely used in urban streets, school garbage disposal, can be equipped with multiple garbage buckets every year, multiple garbage bins in each garbage point, with self-unloading function, hydraulic operation, convenient dumping of garbage. On weekdays, the car garbage can can be placed in each garbage collection station. After the garbage is collected, the car can be directly driven to the garbage station. Through the control of the hydraulic system, the hook arm installed on the back seat of the garbage truck can be put down. Hang the connection point at the front end of the garbage can in the station and pull the garbage can to the rear seat of the car body. At this point, the vehicle can be started and the garbage can be transported to the garbage disposal station for dumping. The main advantage of the car is that it can be equipped with multiple buckets. One car can maintain the operation of several garbage collection stations with high efficiency and the cabinet is sealed and will not cause secondary pollution.

8. Docking garbage truck use

Dock-type garbage trucks, also known as garbage trucks, are generally used in conjunction with compressed garbage stations. The docking garbage truck is composed of a chassis, a hydraulic control system, a garbage compartment, and a work system.

9. Kitchen garbage truck use

The kitchen garbage truck is also called the garbage truck, the kitchen garbage truck or the water truck. It is mainly used for garbage collection and transportation. The kitchen garbage truck is a kind of garbage truck used for collecting and transporting domestic garbage, food waste (water) and urban sludge. The meal waste mainly includes food leftovers such as leftovers and western cakes, vegetable stems, skeletal viscera, tea residue and fruit residues. Because of its corrosiveness, the interior of the garbage truck must be coated with anti-corrosion coating.
The above is the principle and use of the common sanitation garbage truck. Sanitation garbage trucks can effectively solve the garbage in our lives and are great players in maintaining our environment.