As a mineral resource, oil plays a very important role in industrial production and people’s daily life. All countries in the world are vigorously exploiting and using oil. Petroleum must be transported by tanker trucks before it is used, but oil is very combustible and explosive, so the safety issues during transportation cannot be underestimated. So, in this process, what are the specific safety issues for tank truck transportation?
1. Control combustibles
① The oil spill of the oil tank of the tanker must be prevented. The oil spills, spills, drips, leaks and spills that occur during the loading and unloading operations of oil tankers shall be promptly removed and handled.
②It is strictly forbidden to pour oil, sludge, waste oil, etc. into the sewer after the tanker unloads the cargo, and should be collected and placed in the designated place for proper disposal.
③All flammable materials should be removed near buildings such as oil tanks, warehouses, pump rooms, oil distribution rooms, and oil blending workshops.
④ Oil-stained cotton yarn, oil rags, oil gloves, oil paper, etc. used in the maintenance and maintenance of the tank truck should be placed in a covered iron drum outside the workshop and removed in time.
2. Cut off the source of fire
①It is strictly forbidden to bring matches, lighters or other types of fire into the oil depot, oil product storage area, and oil product receiving and dispatching area. Strictly control the flow of fire sources and open flame operations.
②Pyrotechnics are strictly prohibited in the oil depot. When open flames must be used for repair operations, they must be reported to the relevant departments for review and approval and safety precautions have been taken before the fire can start.
③Before cars and tractors enter the warehouse, they must wear a fire shield at the exhaust pipe, and immediately turn off the engine after parking. It is strictly forbidden to inspect and repair the vehicle in the warehouse, and it is not allowed to start the engine during operation.
④ When the railway locomotive is in the warehouse, it is necessary to attach an isolation car, close the ash box baffle, and do not clean the furnace in the warehouse area or stay in the non-operation area.
⑤The tanker said at the dock that the use of open flames is strictly prohibited. It is prohibited to carry fire sources on board.
3. Prevent electric cremation
①The various electrical equipment used in oil depots and all working places must be explosion-proof, and the installation must meet the safety requirements, and the wires must not be broken, exposed or short-circuited.
② High-voltage wires are strictly prohibited to cross over the oil depot. The distance between the oil storage area and the barreled light oil warehouse and the wires must be more than 15 times the length of the electric pole.
③The rails leading to the oil depot must be installed with insulating partitions in front of the entrance to prevent the external power supply from flowing into the oil depot from the rails and sparking.
4. Prevent metal friction
①Strictly implement the relevant regulations of the warehouse and operation area. It is forbidden to wear nail shoes or iron palm shoes to enter the oil depot, not to mention climbing oil tanks, oil tankers, tank trucks, oil tank cars and stepping on oil drums, and forbid mules, horses and iron wheels to enter the depot.
②It is not allowed to knock out the lid of the container with iron tools. When opening the vat lid and tanker lid, you should use a copper wrench or a metal wrench that will not cause sparks in collision.
③ Metal containers should avoid collision with each other in the warehouse. It is also impossible to roll oil drums without gaskets on the concrete floor.
④During the loading and unloading operations of the oil products of the tanker, the loading and unloading crane pipes should be prevented from colliding when inserting and pulling out the tanker port or tanker hatch. Wherever there is oil and gas, iron metals should not be hit.
5. Prevent oil vapor accumulation
① Repair and welding of unwashed oil drums, oil tanks, oil tanks and other storage containers is strictly prohibited. After washing the container, open the lid to ventilate before preparing for welding. If necessary, perform visual explosion first.
②The barreled light oil products stored in the warehouse should be checked frequently, and the leakage should be found to be replaced in time. The warehouses, cargo sheds and receiving and dispatching rooms for barreled light oil should maintain air flow.
③In underground and cave oil tank areas, strictly prevent oil leakage. Ventilation equipment must be installed to maintain good ventilation to avoid accumulation of oil and gas.
1. Install explosion-proof cameras on tank trucks
Install oil tank truck professional on-board explosion-proof cameras at the rear or oil outlet or roof of the vehicle to monitor the oil tanker transporting refined oil, and connect the cameras to the alarm system. In the event of an accident, the driver can immediately sound the alarm and call the police. Deal with it in time to minimize the damage.
Tank trucks are most prone to accidents when they are traveling at night, so the on-board explosion-proof camera installed must have a good night vision function, and the road behind the vehicle can be seen clearly in the dark.
2. Tank truck drivers should pay attention to safety issues
In addition to installing an explosion-proof monitoring system, in order to effectively avoid tank truck accidents, tank truck drivers need to pay attention to the following issues when transporting refined oil:
① Fatigue driving is strictly prohibited
Driving a vehicle in a warm cabin with poor air circulation makes it easy for drivers to get tired; they often feel mentally tired, their vision gradually becomes blurred, and their thinking becomes dull, especially when driving in the afternoon or midnight, it is easy to fall asleep. Reluctant driving can cause traffic accidents occur. Avoid fatigue driving and ensure driving safety.
②Pay attention to the accumulation of static electricity
The amount of oil in the oil tank should be appropriate: too little oil in the oil tank, large shaking space during transportation, easy to generate static electricity; too much, it is easy to cause overflow to the car with a poorly sealed oil tank mouth, so the filling volume is 85 About% is appropriate. In addition, medium-speed driving should be maintained during transportation to ensure that the fuel in the tank is relatively stable, and emergency braking should be minimized. It is necessary to connect the static wire to ensure that the static wire is in contact with the ground.
③Keep away from fire
When driving a tanker truck, smoking, answering and calling mobile phones are not allowed, and you must stay away from the tinder when parking, and you must not park on the edge of the tinder, which may cause an explosion.
④Avoid high temperature of the tanker engine
Regularly check the technical condition of the vehicle. Especially in the summer when the temperature is high, check the safe parts of the vehicle, and it is strictly forbidden to drive a sick vehicle on the road. When driving a vehicle in hot weather, you should pay attention to the change of the water temperature gauge at any time, generally not exceeding 95°C.
For cargo transportation itself, drivers need to be guarded and careful in all aspects, and special attention should be paid to dangerous goods vehicles such as tank trucks. Only when these oil tanker transportation safety matters are fulfilled, the personal safety of the driver and the integrity of the tanker cargo can be guaranteed, so as to avoid unnecessary losses. Lingyu Automobile Co., Ltd. is a professional service-oriented automobile manufacturer. The quality of the fuel tank trucks produced is guaranteed and can be customized according to customer needs. Interested parties are welcome to consult.